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About Bogota,Colombia


Full Name : Bogota

  • Area 1,587 sq km : 613 sq miles
  • Population 7,500,000
  • Time Zone GMT/UTC -5 ().
  • Languages Spanish (official) Spanish is the official language; there are also about 65 indigenous languages.
  • Currency : Colombian Peso (Col$)
  • Bogotá—officially named Bogotá, D.C. (D.C. for "Distrito Capital", which means "Capital District"), also called Santa Fe de Bogotá—is the capital of Colombia, as well as the largest and most populous city in the country with 6,776,009 inhabitants (2005 census).[1] The officially defined metropolitan area, which includes the municipality of Soacha, has an estimated population of 7,881,156 (as of 2005).[2] a city in central Colombia, is the country's capital, located at an elevation of about 2,650 m. / 8,660 ft. on a mountain rimmed plateau high in the Cordillera Oriental of the Andes Mountains. This gives it constant spring like weather. It lies only 4°36' north of the equator.

    History

    Bogotá was founded on the 6th of August 1538 by the Spanish conquistador Gonzalo Jiménez de Quesada who fough the Chibcha Indians near the site of the populous tribe center called Bacatá. The new city became the vice-regal capital of New Granada in 1717. It was captured by Simón Bolívar in 1819 and was the capital of the independent nation of Great Colombia (which included modern day Colombia, Ecuador, Panama, and Venezuela). It became the capital of New Granada (later renamed Colombia) in 1830 when Great Colombia was dissolved.

    The city grew slowly because Bogotanos (cachacos) wished to preserve their old culture. They cherished their churches, convents, homes (built in the ornate Spanish colonial style) and the National University, founded in 1573. They also prided themselves on speaking the purest Spanish in the New World. The city expanded rapidly after 1940 as large numbers of rural Colombians migrated there in search of greater economic opportunities. It is sometimes called the Athens of South America. Bogotá is now Colombia's largest financial, political, and cultural center. The National University of Colombia and many other universities located there make Bogotá the nation's chief educational center.

    Today Bogotá is a cosmopolitan city in continuous expansion. It is one of the fastest growing metropolitan areas, not only in Colombia, but also in South America. Its almost 6 million inhabitants include a multitude of immigrants from all over the world, which makes the capital a true microcosm of the nation. Modern highrises and skyscrapers contrast with old houses of colonial and republican architecture. Bogotá offers residents and visitors everything that a modem city can give. Cultural activities abound and its enormous selection of restaurants, bars and nightclubs offers all kinds of food and entertainment.

    Location

    Bogotá, the capital of Colombia, is located in the center of the country, on the eastern "Bogotá Sabana", 2640 meters (8661 feet) above sea level. The Bogotá River crosses the Sabana forming Tequendama falls to the south. Tributary rivers form valleys with flourishing villages, whose economy is based on agriculture, livestock raising and artisanal production.

    The Bogotá Sabana is bordered to the east by the Eastern Cordillera of the Andes mountain range. Surrounding hills, which limit city growth, run from south to north, parallel to the Guadalupe and Monserrate mountains. The western city limit is the Bogotá river; Sumapaz paramo borders the south and to the north Bogotá extends over the Sabana up to the towns of Chía and Sopó.

    Climate

    The average temperature on the Sabana is 14°C, varying from 9 to 22ºC. Dry and rainy seasons alternate throughout the year. The driest months are December, January, February and March; the rainiest are April, May, September, October and November. June and July are usually rainy periods and August is sunny with high winds.

    Hailstorm Climatic conditions are irregular and quite variable due to the El Niño and La Niña climatic phenomena, which occur in and around the Pacific basin and are responsible for very pronounced climatic changes.

    Government

    Bogotá is the capital of the Republic of Colombia, and houses the national legislature, the Supreme Court of Justice , and the center of the executive administration as well as the residence of the President of the Republic. The Principal Mayor and District Council – both elected by popular vote – are responsible for city administration.

    The city divided into 20 localities: Usaquén, Chapinero, Santa Fe, San Cristóbal, Usme, Tunjuelito, Bosa, Kennedy, Fontibón, Engativá, Suba, Barrios Unidos, Teusaquillo, Los Mártires, Antonio Nariño, Puente Aranda, La Candelaria, Rafael Uribe Uribe, Ciudad Bolívar, Sumapáz.

    Each of the 20 localities is governed by an administrative board elected by popular vote, made up of no less than seven members, as determined by the District Council. The Principal Mayor designates local mayors from a trio proposed by the respective administrative board.

    To See

    The cathedral is a monumental building in the neoclassical style. It stands on the site where the first mass was celebrated after Bogotá had been founded in 1538. The interior is spacious and solemn with relatively little ornamentation. The tomb of Jiménez de Quesada, the founder of Bogotá, is in the largest chapel off the right-hand aisle.

    The city divided into 20 localities: Usaquén, Chapinero, Santa Fe, San Cristóbal, Usme, Tunjuelito, Bosa, Kennedy, Fontibón, Engativá, Suba, Barrios Unidos, Teusaquillo, Los Mártires, Antonio Nariño, Puente Aranda, La Candelaria, Rafael Uribe Uribe, Ciudad Bolívar, Sumapáz.

    Each of the 20 localities is governed by an administrative board elected by popular vote, made up of no less than seven members, as determined by the District Council. The Principal Mayor designates local mayors from a trio proposed by the respective administrative board.

    Phone: 01 341 1954

    Hours: Mon-Sat 9:00am-10:00am, 6:00pm-7:00pm, Sun 9:00am-2:00pm

    Museo del Oro

    The Gold Museum contains more than 34,000 gold pieces from all the major pre-Hispanic cultures in Colombia. Most of the gold objects are displayed in a large strongroom on the top floor - a breathtaking sight. There's also a big exhibition on the historical, geographical and social aspects of pre-Columbian cultures.

    You can ask about the audio tour in English. Videos featuring various pre-Columbian cultures are shown five times daily (including two with an English soundtrack). Check the programme and times when you come to plan your visit accordingly.

    Phone: 01 341 1954

    Calle 16 No 5-41

    La Candelaria zone, with several museums, cultural scenery and art exhibitions.

    La Plaza de Bolívar, surrounded by government buildings representing several styles and eras.

    Numerous art galleries display and sell the works of both Colombian and international contemporary artists.

    Concerts are held in theater halls such as Teatro Colon, Colsubsidio, or in Luis Angel Arango Library and the Leon de Greiff hall at the Universidad Nacional.

    Several theater groups are based in Bogotá and present both classical and modem works. The principal groups include the Teatro Popular de Bogotá, Teatro Libre, Teatro Nacional, and La Candelaria.

    If you like bull fighting you can go to the Plaza de Toros de Santamaria.

    Corferias, Corporacion de ferias y exposiciones, is where countries get together to show their technology.

    Among other places there are La Zona Rosa, for shopping fun, gourmet food and entertainment, and also the Planetario, Botanical Garden and Shopping centers, such as Hacienda Santa Barbara, Centro Comercial Andino and Unicentro. p>

    Economy

    Bogotá is Colombia's largest economic center, followed by Medellín, Cali, and Barranquilla. Most companies in Colombia have their headquarters in Bogotá, as it is home to most foreign companies doing businesses in Colombia as well as Colombia's main stock market. Bogotá is a major center for import and export of goods for Colombia.


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